Our Jing Mo Curriculum
Yim Shan Wu Sparring with Double Daggers
The Curriculum
Part I
During the early days of Ching Wu (Jing Mo) in Shanghai, chief instructor, Chao Lin Ho developed a curriculum that became the standard Ching Wu sets (Fundamental Routines). In one of his lecture papers he wrote: Our Chinese Wu Shu (Martial Arts) is composed of many styles. Long ago, sifus were very protective of their gung fu knowledge. They kept their own styles very secret, teaching no one their real gung fu except for a select few disciples. Eventually good styles died out. Huo Yuan Chia organized the Ching Wu Ti Yu Hui in Shanghai for the express purpose of creating a National Martial Arts free from stylistic jealousy and secrecy. Good techniques from the co-operating styles were grouped into ten Ching Wu hand and weapon sets. These ten sets will be the standard sets for our school.

1. Twelve Rows of Tam Tui
2. Gung Lic Kuan (Work - Strength Fist)
3. Jeet Kuan (Flying Swallow)
4. Big Battle Fist (Upper & Lower)
5. Eight Trigram Saber (Ba Gua Dao or Pa Kua Tao)
6. Shepherding Staff
7. Five Tigers Catches the Lamb Spear
8. Tam Tui Sparring
9. Set Fist
10. Saber verses Spear

Within these ten sets are elements of numerous styles from throughout China. It does not stress one style over another nor any particular region. Those techniques that are considered good and useful were included. This program takes two years to complete. Any instructor who wishes to teach at the Ching Wu Physical Cultural Association must learn these ten sets.

Any student who completes the ten fundamental sets may proceed to other styles. The ten sets, in encompassing good elements of many styles, will give the student a broad knowledge of principles of various Martial Arts in China.

Other Jing Mo School's curriculum Part II
Jing Mo School not only offers a curriculum in the standard Jing Mo sets but also sets from the Great Grandmaster Shun Yu Fung’s (Sun Yu Fung) 1930’s curriculum. Great Grandmaster Shun was the head instructor of the Jing Mo school in Canton, China until 1938. We also feature curriculum from three of the famous ‘Five Tigers from the North who went South’, Great Grandmasters Kuo Yu Chang, Wan Li Sheng and Wang Siu Zhou (Wang Shao Chao). Sets from the famous 20th Century swordman of all China, Great Grandmaster Li Jian Lin (Li Ching Lin) and two of the most famous internal Great Grandmasters, Shun Lok Tong (Sun Lu Tang) and Fu Zhen Shong (Fu Chen Sheng).

After learning the ten standard Jing Mo sets, the student can select one or mix sets to suit their personal interest and preference.

From Great Grandmaster Kuo Yu Chang (Northern Shao lin Style)

Fist Sets

1. Five Step Fist (Wu Bo Chuan)

2. Short Strike Fist

3. Lien Bo Step and Hand

4. Sil Wah Continious Small Circle

5. Shaolin #1 Open Door

6. Shaolin #2 Lead the Way

7. Shaolin #3 Ride the Horse

8. Shaolin #4 Chest Attacks

9. Shaolin #5 Military Moves

10. Shaolin #6 Short Strikes

11.Shaolin #7 Plum Blossom

12. Shaolin #8 Three Palms within Eight Steps

13. Shaolin #9 Continious Moves

14. Shaolin #10 Standard Moves

15. Shaolin 18 Hand Techniques

16. Northern Shaolin Fighting (2 Person)

Ch'a Style

1. Cha #4 Slippery Fork

2. Cha #5 East Door

3. Cha #6 Crouching Tiger

Weapon Sets

1. Four Door Saber

2. Horse Door Saber

3. Pi Chi Saber

4. Swallow Tail Saber

5. Single Dagger

6. Double Daggers

7. Double Tiger Hooks

8. Ground Rolling Double Sabers

9. Horse Chopper Knife

10. Dragon Shape Sword

11. Plum Blossom Double Dragon Swords

12. Long Bench

13.Dragon Head Cane

14.Nine Link Plum Blossom Ground Rolling Chain

15.Capture Lamb Staff

16.Two Section Staff

17.Triple Section Staff

18.Raise Blocking Spear

19.Hua Halberd

20.Snake Halberd

21. Monk Spade

22.Spring Autumn Big Knife

23.Double Dagger verses Spear

24.Saber verses Spear

25 Saber vs Spear (Advance)

26.Spear verse Big Knife

27.Triple Staff verses Spear

End of PART II

Grandmaster Wong Jack Man with Double Daggers

Shun Yu Fung's (Sun Yu Fung) Curriculum Northern Shaolin Lo Han Part III

These sets were passed down to us from two disciples of Shun Yu Fung (Sun Yu Fung) : Li Hon Kuai and Ma Gim Fung (Ma Ching Fung) who then passed it to Wong Jia Man (Wong Chia Man).

Shun Yu Fung learnt his Northern Shaolin Yan Lo Han from Monk Yuan Tung T'an and his weapon skills from Chang Chan K'uei, nicknamed Big Saber Chang, before accepting an assignment to be head instructor at the Ching Wu (Jing Mo) school in Canton, China in 1921. Shun Yu Fung nickname was "King of Sabers of Seven Provinces" and "Champion of Fist in Five Provinces".

The fighting principles of Northern Shaolin Lo Han, as pass down from Ma Gim Fung, are: Courage, Strength and Technique. Applying all three of these principles simultaneously will lead to defeating one's opponent.

Northern Shaolin Lo Han stress both hardness and softness but yet it is a fierce style. It is characterized by extremely high leaps and fancy footwork. Lo Han is described by Wong Chia Man Sifu as:

"Northern Shaolin Lo Han is as fast as the wind. Steps are quick and the fists are like metal balls attached to springs that shoot out like darts".

The Maxim of Lohan Style of Northern Shaolin Kung Fu

The multiplicity of the martial arts are truly profound.

The doctrine imparted by thy master, practitioner shall endure.

Infinite styles and formations could not all be mastered,

Various alteration and transformation shall never end;

Practice truly makes perfect,

Bit by bit, piece by piece together they bound.

Although in private practice, one should regard as if confronting a fierce opponent;

Performed every single movement as if confronting a disembowelment.

Be perpetually alert, this is not a matter of game.

Rather, it is a matter of life and death.

Be vigilant even in your dream. Always be prepared with watchful eyes.

After a long duration, thy physical body and mind will combine.

Your movements shall command fluency.

Subconscious action will become order and discipline.

Even a swift movement would make a perfect strike.

Description of Northern Shaolin Lo Han

Li Hon Chia: “The term Lo Han means one step below Buddha. Therefore it can be interpreted that Lo Han style was a specialized style and was regarded as a higher level than the common styles. It also means that the Lo Han techniques are the best moves and are the most powerful.”

Fist Sets

1. Cross Battle Fist

2. Loose Battle Fist

3. Big Battle Fist

4. Northern Shaolin Lo Han Yao Bo Chuan

5. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 1

6. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 2

7. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 3

8. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 4

9. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 5

10. Northern Shaolin Lo Han # 9

11. Standard Jing Mo Lo Han Fist

12. Northern Shaolin Lo Han Fighting 2-person (aka Five Brothers from Sun Yu Fung)

13. Combination Battle Fist  2-person fighting (Six Rows of Arm Lock )

14. Northern Shaolin Lo Han Nian Shou Fighting 2 -person (Sun Yu Fung)


1. Pa Kua Saber (Sun Yu Fung's version)

2. Door Breaking Saber (Sun Yu Fung)

3. Loose Wrist Saber Fighting 2 person (Sun Yu Fung)

4. Double Dagger (Standard Jing Mo Set)

5. Double Dagger (Sun Yu Fung's version)

6. Ta Mor Sword (Standard Jing Mo)

7. Long Bench (Sun Yu Fung's)

8. Ground Demon Staff (Advance Level Staff)

9. Plum Blossom Spear (Sun Yu Fung)

10. Spring Autumn Big Knife (Sun Yu Fung)

11. Double Sabers vs Spear (Sun Yu Fung)

12. Triple Staff (Long version)

13. Triple Staff verse Spear (Jing Mo)

Mi Tsung Lo Han’s Curriculum from GGM Yip Yee Ting as taught by Sifu Raymond Kwok Jung Wong - Part III


Grandmaster Yip Yee Ting was one of the Three Heros from Hopei provience.  He ran a family business called "The All Victory Transport Security Services" and defended all robbers with his saber and staff.  He also was the Weapons Instructor for several Warlords.


In this style one can thrust suddenly forward or withdraw backwards, appear suddenly at the side of his opponent or suddenly raise his body high and kick fowards, backwards, up and down quickly so that his opponent cannot keep track of it.


1. Mi Tsung Lo Han Chuan

2. Mi Tsung Lo Han Saber (Snow Flake)

3. Mi Tsung Lo Han San Shou

4. Mi Tsung Lo Han Saber vs Spear


Wan Li Sheng and the Art of Lightness

Wan Li Sheng’s Curriculum Part IV- One of the Five Tigers who went South


Wan Li Sheng's was China's most popular martial artist in the 1930's and earned the official title: 'The Flower of the National Arts.'  Well educated graduate from the University of Peking, he was appointed Director and a position of Major General by the government and was instructed to lead a party of four other masters to set up provincal schools.


His reputation spread far and wide.  Wherever he went, he was always surrounded by admiring followers who came from various parts of the country to learn from him.  He is most widely reconized for his book: Wu Shu Nei Wai, 1929.

  1. Lui Ho Chuan #1  Core
  2. Lui Ho Chuan #2  Green Dragon
  3. Lui Ho Chuan #3  Black Tiger
  4. Lui Ho Chuan #5  Six Families
  5. Lui Ho Chuan #6  Center Four Rows


  1. Lui Ho Saber
  2. Lui Ho Spear
  3. Plum Blossom Double Sabers

Li Ching Lin’s Curriculum: China's Greatest Swordsman Part V

Li Ching Lin was a general in the Army and was also one of China's greatest swordsman. He was the leading exponent of Wu Tang Swordfighting and was known as "God of Swords". He often invited other top swordsmen to his home for friendly contest and has been known to have been defeated once. Although he shared his general knowledge with many, he taught only a very few the real art of Wu Tang swordplay.




Wu Tang Sword Curriculum

  1. Tai Yu Sword (Li Ching lin)
  2. Tai Chi Chuan (Yang's Style and Wong Duk Hing's Style)
  3. Tai Chi Pushing Hands
  4. Tai Chi Sword
  5. Three Combination Sword (2-person Fighting)
  6. Wu Tang Sword - Dragon Phoenix (Wong Duk Hing)
  7. Wu Tang Sword (2 person Fighting -Active Step from Li Ching lin)

GGM Sun Lu T'ang

Sun Lu T’ang’s Curriculum Post -WWI Part VI

Sun Lu Tang was so impressed with Li Ching Lin's skills that he asked Li Ching Lin to be his private tutor for his children. In exchange, Sun Lu Tang agreed to stay at Li's house and instruct his selected disciples his internal style of Hsing-I. This agreement between these two masters aided in the spread of Hsing -I.

List of Sets in Curriculum

  1. Hsing-I Chuan - Five Elements (Five Sets)
  2. Hsing-I Chuan - 12 Animals (Eleven Sets)
  3. Hsing-I Creation Fist
  4. Hsing-I Destruction Fist
  5. Hsing-I Chuan - Linking Fist
  6. Hsing-I Chuan - Eight Shapes
  7. Hsing-I Chuan - Mix Shapes
  8. Hsing-I Five Element Sparring
  9. Hsing-I Eagle – Bear (Two Person Sparring)
  10. Hsing-I Saber
  11. Sun's Tai Chi Chuan (Pre-WW II from Lin Chao Zhen)

Another Tiger from the North:

Fu Chen Sheng’s Pre-WW II Curriculum (as taught by the late GGM Lin Chao Chen) Part VII

Fu Chen Sheng was the third out of Five Tigers who went south. Early in his life he was known to have beaten 200 bandits with his spear. Later he worked as a guard for a bank and when on convoys that worked routes between Honan and Shangtung provences. From there he went on to become a martial arts coach in the army and was part of the Big Sword Brigade who fought the Japanese during World War II.

Fu Chen Sheng became part of Li Ching Lin's Wu Shu Think Tank and became very close to Sun Lu Tang. As a result, many of Fu's principles on internal arts came from Sun Lu Tang.

Features of Pa Kua Chuan

Pa Kua Chuan main focus is the stepping. However there are eight basic palms, called Eight Mother Palms that are common in all the different Pa Kua Styles.

  1. Single Palm Change
  2. Double Palm Change
  3. Following the Movement Palm
  4. Behind the Body Palm
  5. Rolling Body Palm
  6. Rubbing Body Palm
  7. Piercing Palm
  8. Turn back (Revolving) the body palm

These eight palms are linked together and must follow the theory of Yin and Yang. There are three levels in Fu Style Pa Kua. The first level consist of stepping, standing meditation and Single Pa Kua Training. The second level consists of flexible forms: Yang Pa Kua, Yin Pa Kua, Pa Kua Zhen Zhong. The last level is the constantly changing form, Dragon Pa Kua.  The following curriculum was taught by one of Fu 's disciple, Lin Chao Zhen who has authorizes us to teach.

  1. Fu Chuan – Tiger Fist
  2. Pao Chuan- Leopard Fist
  3. Pu Chuan- Practice Fist
  4. Po Fu Chuan- Taming Tiger Fist
  5. Lien Hua- Continious Fist
  6. Three Penetrations Fist
  7. Liang I Chuan
  8. Fu's Style Tai Chi Chuan
  9. Pa Chi Chuan - Small Frame Fist
  10. Yin Pa Kua Palm
  11. Yang Pa Kua Palm
  12. Authentic Pa Kua Palm
  13. Swimming Pa Kua Palm
  14. Dragon Pa Kua Palm
  15. Pa Kua Pushing Hands


  1. Pa Kua Saber
  2. Cyclone Saber
  3. Flying Dragon Sword
  4. Four Side Spear

Great Grandmaster Chao Chuk-Kai Sifu
The History of Tai Chi Praying Mantis.  Part IX
Tai Chi Praying Mantis is a quick style that incorporates all of the features of the other mantis styles. Grandmaster Chui Chuk Kai learned his Tai Chi Praying Mantis in Shangtung Province. Later he settled in Macau with one of his disciple. While in Macau, both Grandmaster Chui and his disciple fought off 100 attackers and came out of the fight without a scratch. However, this disciple succumbed to TB. Later he moved to Vietnam where he was invited by the Jing Mo Physical Cultural Association to teach. He had over 100, 000 students that were either directly or indirectly linked to him in 32 schools. Grand master Chui Chuk Kai left Vietnam when the war broke out as he was forced to leave his money and other personal valuables. To add to insult, the Vietnam Government forces Grandmaster Chui to perform all of his sets so that they could document the Tai Chi Praying Mantis style on film before he was allowed to leave. The Vietnam Government considered the Tai Chi Praying Mantis a national treasure.

Grandmaster Chiu returned to Hong Kong where he started his life all over. Because of this turmoil he forgot certain techniques in some of his sets and with the limited space in Hong Kong, some of the sets that were taught in Hong Kong are different than the same ones that were taught in Vietnam. However this did not stop Grandmaster from teaching his style and he managed to continue to teach many more students. It was here that he taught William Fong. Fong Sifu is the youngest of the 8th generation of Tai Chi Praying Mantis.

About the Tai Chi Praying Mantis Style

Tai Chi Praying Mantis style is a cousin of the Seven Star Praying Mantis style but it is different in that Tai Chi Praying Mantis emphasizes short range techniques while Seven Star Praying Mantis contains long range techniques. Another difference is that Tai Chi Praying Mantis uses more gripping techniques and has a more extensive weapon sets than the other mantis styles. In Tai Chi Praying Mantis, sets are taught together with hand techniques because both needs to be mastered and one is not good without the other.

The Tai Chi Praying Mantis Curriculum
In addition to the Ten Standard Jing Mo Sets the Curriculum for Tai Chi Praying Mantis is the following:

1. Eight Major Horse Set
2. Bong Po (Taichi Mantis)
3. Bong Po (Seven Star Mantis)
4. 2 Person Bong Po Sparring (Taichi Mantis)
5. Jeet Gung
6. Moy Fah (Plum Blossum)
7. Mon Job Yu
8. Eight Elbows
9. Volley-Catch Boxing
10. Touch the Cloud (Tai Chi Set)
11. Single-Man Push Hand (Tai Chi Set)
12. Spear Hand (7 Star Mantis)
13. Black Tiger Intersectional Fist (7 Star Mantis)
14. Fi Job Yu
15. Yum Sou Staff
16. Four Direction Spear
17. Deadly Fan (Later, Shorter Version)
18. Deadly Fan (Early, Longer Version)
19. Moy Fah 7 Section Whip
20. Lon Moon Saber
21. Jade Ring Saber
22. Testing the Blade Saber
23. Sword and Scabbard Set
24. Umbrella Set
25. Lean Won Sword
26. Saber Vs. Spear Sparring Set
27. Lok Family Sword
28. Tai Chi Sword
29. Jee Ng Sword
30. Double Headed Spear

Great Grandmaster Chao Chuk-Kai Sifu with his wife and student